Dance Forms of Various Indian States

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India is known to be a country of rich cultural heritage and its dance forms are exceptionally popular all over the globe. Consisting of twenty eight states and six Union Territories, India is home to numerous classical dance forms.

Dance performances in India are constantly influenced by their imaginations and skill. Indian dance forms are categorized into various heads like classical, contemporary, regional, folk, and so on. This article will exclusively give valuable information on the dance forms of India according to the diversity of their original states.

Following are some of the Indian dance forms with states that they belong to.

Bharatnatyam [Tamil Nadu] - One of the widely practiced dance forms in India, Bharatnatyam dates back to the 19th and 20th century, where it was reconstructed from Sadir, or the art of temple dancers known as Devadasis.

The etymology also holds strong, since Bharatnatyam is pronounced in “bha”, “ra” and “tha” form or short (kuril) forms; whereas the long (redil) form includes “bhavam”, “ragam” and “talem”. Owing to such excellence, Bharatnatyam is known for its grace, purity, tenderness, sculpturesque and poses.

  • Bihu Dance [Assam] - Bihu Dance is one of the most important folk dances of the eastern state of Assam. Performed at the annual festival of Bihu, it is characterized by rapid hand movements and brisk dance steps. The Assamese clothes that are worn at the time give the dance a charm of its own.
  • Garba [Gujarat] - The women of Gujarat need no particular occasion to celebrate. Despite that, Garba is specially performed at the time of Navratri (or the Shiva Puja). Involving dancers to move about in a circular pattern with a rhythmic clapping; Garba performances span over a nine day period.
  • Odissi [Odisha]: Odissi is the most ancient dance forms known to mankind according to various archeological evidences. It differs from other dance forms because of the importance of its tribhangi (or three parts break including head movement, chest movement and pelvis movement. Being one of the main eight Classical Dances of India, it also lays importance on the basic square stance, the Chauka.
  • Bhangra [Punjab]: Its history emerges from the time when the classical dance was performed during the harvest festivals as well as to mark the home coming of warriors. Today however, Bhangra is performed at any auspicious functions such as weddings and festivals. Its main attractions are the vibrant colored Punjabi dresses and instruments.

India is a land filled with beauty and lust, a safe haven that ignites all hearts with a felling of oneness and sanity with its various elements. Indian cultural and folk dance are one such element. Hoping this might enhance Indian dance form information for one and all.



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