Indian Forts & Palaces

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India is a sacred country which is very famous for its unity and diversity. India consists of very rich history that can be easily witnessed by the splendid monuments and palaces. They are alive example of our stupendous architectural work. Some of the famous and renowned forts are located in Delhi, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh Maharashtra and in some other states as well. These forts were generally constructed for defense purpose just to keep enemy's at bay. The exciting fact was that mostly these monuments were named on the name of a king or queen.

These monuments are live example of exquisite carving which still survives in it best form, national as well as international tourists come to view these splendid architectural examples. Who so ever watch it still get awe of its inspiring beauty. One can easily see India's glorious past in these beautiful monuments.

Forts in India

Agra Fort

It is built very near to the Taj Mahal, it was also known as a walled city. After Panipat war Akbar captured the fort as well as its vast treasury, kohi-noor was also found here. The beautiful part of this fort is that it encompasses many other fairy-tale palaces for instance Jahangir palace and the Khas mahal which was built by Shah Jahan.

Akbar very soon realized its key position and made it its capital. The brick used in making of this fort was known as 'Badalgarh'. But basically during the reign of his grandson Shah Jahan the construction of this monument was completed. It is one of the few building made by Akbar that survived.  Shah Jahan completed it in very irregularly triangular on plan, the monument is enclosed by a double battlemented huge wall of red standstone. It contains four doors and the most impressive one will be Delhi Gate on the west.

Amber Fort, Jaipur
Amber fort of Jaipur is located on the Araval hills that surrounds the Jaipur. It is one of the principle tourist destination of Jaipur. It is stretched around the Maotha lake. It consists of massive complex gateways, pillared pavilions, its a perfect example of  massive architecture. It has very much awe inspiring structure that makes everyone surprised. It is hardly 20 minutes distance from Jaipur main city. The unique part of this fort is that it is a live example of the fusion of Mughal and Hindu architecture.

The construction of the fort was started by Raja Man Singh I in 1592 but actually it was completed by Mirza Raja Jai Singh, it almost took it around two centuries. This monument consists of many other palaces like Sheesh Mahal (palace of mirrors) it is the most beautiful example of fine knowledge of art, it truly has breath taking beauty. There is also a Jas Mandir, which is on the upper floor and it's a perfect blend of Mughal as well as Rajput style of architecture. Watching it is a spectacular experience, if you'll see the reflection of the fort in the Maotha lake you will be amazed of its beauty.

Nahargarh Fort, Jaipur
Nahargarh Fort, it stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, the view of city is breath taking experience. It is also known as the Tiger fort. This fort was built in 1734 by Jai Singh II, and it truly provides captivating view of Jaipur down below to the Man Sagar lake. It was made in the mid of lake , a palatial duck blind which was mainly used for the royal family. For many years it was used like a personal treasury.

Gwalior Fort, Gwalior
Gwalior Fort which has earned reputation for itself of North and South India's indestructible fort. Many rulers changed their hands on this fort. The first one was the Tomars in the 8th century and then it passed to Mughals, then the Marathas under Scindias, the chain was followed by the Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, Tatiya Tope and then the British. Its a huge and very strong fort. The Fort is surrounded by the wall nearly 10m high, in fact it is almost unmeasurable. The positive point of this location is that it enjoys unlimited water supply.

Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri fort was built near the older Sikri, the historical city of BHARAT, the fort was first constructed by the Sikhriwal Rajput Rajas, the last king Maharana Sangram Singh that also in starting of 1500. now it's a world heritage site. The entrance to this huge complex is through Palace of five storays and also the Buland Darwaza. It is believed that this fort is the greatest example of architecture in Mughals reign, it might be surpassed in its toughness but not in beauty.
In Jaipur there is a Jaigarh fort which is also known as the fort of victory. The fort is balanced on a cliff and also it is surrounded by the battlements that too with inside lane to walk, it also offers stunning views on all the sides. 'Jaivan' the world's largest canon is also found here. It is the the excellent example of excellent planning, due to great and intricate supply of water and also storage system. Now it houses beautiful museum.

Red Fort, Delhi
The Red Fort also famous as Lal Qil'ah constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It also served residence of the Mughal emperor. It is one of the most famous place for national as well as international tourists. It possessed complete different picture before the mutiny of 1857 but after that it changed. Today only one fourth of the monument is accessible for common people and rest is under the Army. After the 1857 mutiny, in 1858 many palaces of the fort were demolished, many other taikhana were also sealed and it was used as barracks structured for the soldiers.

Golconda Fort, Hyderabad
Golconda was basically a ruined city of the South Central India, also it is situated around 11km west of Hyderabad. Originally it was built by the Kakatiya Dynasty but the most important builder of Golconda fort was Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah Wali,he was the fourth Qutub king of the Qutub Shahi dynasty. Before Hyderabad the Deccan was ruled from the Golconda. It is also believed that the fortress was involved in a diamond trade and kohi-noor is said to have come only from here. But this fort was rebuilt for defense from the Mughals from the north, they made it more strong and firm.
Palaces in India

City Palace, Jaipur
The city palace is the perfect blend of Rajasthan and Mughal architecture, it also includes the Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal. The city palace was the seat of Maharaja of Jaipur who was also the head of a Kachwaha Rajput. Today Chandra Mahal houses a museum.  But some additions were done by other successors, it is full of beautiful gardens, series of courtyards and more other stupendous structures. The palace complex incorporates very impressive and vast array of courtyards. In the beginning it was built by Sawai Jai Singh II, who was the ruler of Amber.

Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Hawa Mahal is the most astonishing monument in the Jaipur. This palace was built in 1700 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap singh later it was designed by Lal Chand Ustad and the best and unique thing is that it is made in the form of Lord Krishna. The palace is also full of small windows known as 'jharokhas' which also decorated with delicate latticework. The purpose behind these jharokhas was to allow royal ladies to see life on a street everyday, since they were supposed to follow very strict 'purdah' system. The city really looked beautiful from the palace, as it was painted in ocher pink just to welcome Prince Albert in 1853.

Mysore Palace, Mysore

Mysore palace is of the magnificent building, which was designed by a British architect and was built in 1897. it is so beautifully and exceptionally decorated that it showed how rich was the Maharaja. This palace is built in Indo-Saracenic style with domes turrets. This palace can be said to be treasure house of art and carvings they are extraordinarily beautiful carved and contains works from all over the world. Today it houses a museum and it is full of treasures like paintings, beautifully carved images, jewellery, and many other items. It is also believed that the it displays the largest collections of gold items in quantity. There are so many pillars which is believed to be painted by the gold.

Lake Palace Udaipur
Lake palace which is also known as a Jag Niwas, nowadays it is a luxury hotel. This hotel also operates a boat which also transports guests to the hotel from a jetty at the City Place. It is said that it is the most romantic and beautiful hotel. This palace is made up of white marble which looks really pretty floating in a water of lake Pichola. It's beauty is totally incomparable. The ruler of Udaipur, Maharana was believed to be very friendly with the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, so motivated his craftsmen to copy some of its glorious monuments and incomparable buildings of Agra. This palace was also constructed facing east so that it allows inhabitants to pray the sun god

Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur

It is the largest private residencies which is now managed by the Taj Hotels. This palace was named after Maharaja Umaid Singh who was the grandfather of the current owner. It contains 347 rooms and it was the main residence of the former royal family. During the time of its construction it was also called Chittar Palace due to its location on Chittar Hill, which is also the highest point in Jodhpur. It was completed by Maharaja Umaid Singh in 1943. it almost took 14 years and 3000 craftsmen in completing this stupendous palace.

Lalgarh Palace, Bikaner
Lalgarh Place was is built by Maharaja of Bikaner, Ganga Singh in between 1902-1926. It was designed by Britisher for Maharaja Ganga Singh, its a true example of blend of oriental as well as European style of displays which makes it magnificent. It looks really very captivating when you see peacock around the place, now it has been partly transcended into hotel.

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