The story of Rajasthan crosses the line of history and goes back to the time of legends and mythology. The Rajputs of this great land Rajasthan claim their descent from the warriors or kshatriyas during the time of the Vedas.
History sees clans surfacing during the 6th and 7th centuries AD. The ancestry of the Rajputs can be divided into two – those belonging to the solar or Suryavanshi claiming descent form legendary King Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayanam and those belonging to the lunar dynasty or Chandravanshi claiming descent from Lord Krishna the hero of the epic Mahabharatam.
Later a third clan came to be incorporated – the Agnikula who emerged from the sacred fire lit on Mount Abu. The clans were distributed among thirty six races who ruled over twenty one kingdoms.
The names of Sisodias of Mewar, Kachwahas of Amber, Rathors of Marwar, Hadas of Kota and Bundi, the Bhattis of Jaisalmer and the Shekhawats of Sekhawati dot the pages of history with their valour and chivalry.
Rajasthan in northwest India has always fought any type of incursion. Buddhism failed to make substantial impact even though Emperor Ashoka was a Buddhist convert (261 BC).
Ancient scriptures refer to many sites that are still familiar names in the Rajasthan of today – Pushkar being one of them. Excavations connect the Harrappan culture about three to four thousand years ago with Rajasthan of today.
At that time it was a fertile river valley. Relics of Virat kingdom speak of a strong Aryan culture around Dundhmer – modern Pushkar. This was followed by the rise of the Mauryas and later the Guptas. Rajasthan was part of the Mauryan Empire and the Guptas ruled over it in the 4th century AD.
When the Gupta power declined stability was restored by the first Rajputs – the Gurjara Pratiharas. The Sisodias migrated to Rajasthan from Gujarat during the middle of the 7th century; The Kachhwahas were from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh – both belonging to the Suryavansa ancestry.
Also under the same emblem are the Rathores (previously known as the Rashtrakutas) who came from Kanauj in Uttar Pradesh and went on to be the stunning architects of Meherrangarh fort of Jodhpur
. The Bhattis of the Lunar dynasty came from Punjab being chased by the Turks and set up home in the desert country surrounding Jaisalmer.
The Mughals had the toughest time subduing the Rajputs which they never fully succeeded. For a short time there was peace when Mughal Emperor married a Rajput princess.
After the fall of the Mughals the Marathas harassed Rajasthan. Finally it became an homogenous state incorporated in the Republic of India.